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Immigrants

Persons who come into a foreign country or region to live.

Immigration

The entry of foreign persons into a country to live permanently.

Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)

A federal agency which regulates immigration and naturalization of aliens.

Immunity

Grant by the court, which assures someone will not face prosecution in return for providing criminal evidence.

Impeachment

A criminal proceeding against a public official.

Impeachment of a witness

An attack on the credibility (believability) of a witness, through evidence introduced for that purpose.

Implied Consent

Is an agreement made between the recipient of a Florida State Drivers License and the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles that states that if the licensee is arrested for Driving under the Influence the licensee is required by law to have their license suspended for 6 months or 1 year if they refuse to submit to a breath test.

Implied contract

A contract not created or evidenced by the explicit agreement of the parties but one inferred by law; as the use of electric power in your home implies a contract with the light company.

Inadmissible

That which, under the rules of evidence, cannot be admitted or received as evidence.

Incapacity

Lack of legal ability to act; disability, incompetence; lack of adequate power.

Incarceration

Imprisonment in a jail or penitentiary.

Incompetent

One who lacks ability, legal qualification, or fitness to manage his own affairs.

Independent executor

A special kind of executor, permitted by the laws of certain states, who performs the duties of an executor without intervention by the court.

Indeterminate sentence

A sentence of imprisonment to a specified minimum and maximum period of time, specifically authorized by statute, subject to termination by a parole board or other authorized agency after the prisoner has served the minimum term.

Indictment

A written accusation by a grand jury charging a person with a crime. (See information.)

Indigent

Needy or impoverished. A defendant who can demonstrate his or her indigence to the court may be assigned a court-appointed attorney at public expense.

Initial appearance

The defendant comes before a judge within hours of the arrest to determine whether or not there is probable cause for his or her arrest.

Information

Accusatory document, filed by the prosecutor, detailing the charges against the defendant. An alternative to an indictment, it serves to bring a defendant to trial.

Infraction

A violation of law not punishable by imprisonment. Minor traffic offenses generally are considered infractions.

Injunction

A prohibitive order or remedy issued by the court at the suit of the complaining party, which forbids the defendant to do some act which he is threatening or attempting to do. Conversely, it may require him to perform an act which he is obligated to perform but refuses to do.

Insolvent

When the total debt of an entity is greater than all of its property.

Instructions

Judge’s explanation to the jury before it begins deliberations of the question it must answer and the applicable law governing the case. (Also referred to as charge.)

Intangible assets

Nonphysical items such as stock certificates, bonds, bank accounts, and pension benefits that have value and must be taken into account in estate planning.

Intentional tort

Wrong perpetrated by one who intends to break the law.

Interlocutory

Temporary; provisional; interim; not final.

Interrogatories

A set or series of written questions propounded to a party, witness, or other person having information or interest in a case; a discovery device.

Intervention

An action by which a third person who may be affected by a lawsuit is permitted to become a party to the suit.

Involuntary bankruptcy

A proceeding initiated by creditors requesting the bankruptcy court to place a debtor in liquidation.

Issue

  1. The disputed pint in a disagreement between parties in a lawsuit.
  2. To send out officially, as in to issue an order.